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The Establishment Of Turkish Ballet And First Original Works (1940-1970)

International Journal of Humanities and Art Researches Mart 2022 Pages: [26-34]
Doç.Dr.. Seda AYVAZOĞLU
DOI: http://eoi.citefactor.org/10.11243/10.11243/ijhar.07.01.02

Abstract


eşilköy Ballet School was founded in 1948 by Dame Ninette de Valois (1898-2019) who was also the founder of English Royal Ballet School and the Ballet Company with the cooperation of Turkish Government. De Valois remained involved for more than twenty years as a consultant to the ministry and the ballet companies. She established the repertoire and appointed the teachers from Royal Ballet London. The first performance to be given by the conservatory’s ballet students trained under British teachers was “Keloğlan”, composed by Ulvi Cemal Erkin and choreographed by Ninette de Valois. “Keloğlan” was a dramatic ballet based on traditional Turkish folk dance steps.

De Valois desired to encourage Turkish choreographers, using indigenous dances and Turkish composers’ music. For the authentic Turkish ballet to be born it is necessary for individuals who received classical ballet training to get benefit from this country’s national dances and folklore. When some Turkish choreographers associate this country’s dance style with classical ballet, the expected development will arise. Even though the western classical dance style was already firmly established, young choreographers were searching for a new Turkish way of moving. The original ballet work which is prepared for the Turkish Opera and Ballet is a choreographically fantasy created with the help of style and rhythms of the country’s national dances and folklore after classical ballet training.

Özet


Yeşilköy Bale Okulu, 1948 yılında İngiliz Kraliyet Bale Okulu ve Bale Topluluğu'nun da kurucusu olan Dame Ninette de Valois (1898-2019) tarafından Türk Hükümeti işbirliği ile kurulmuştur. De Valois, bakanlık ve bale gruplarına danışman olarak yirmi yıldan fazla bir süre kalmıştır. Repertuarı oluşturmuş ve Londra Kraliyet Balesi’nden öğretmenler atamıştır. Konservatuarın İngiliz öğretmenler tarafından yetiştirilen bale öğrencilerinin ilk gösterisi, Ulvi Cemal Erkin'in bestelediği, koreografisini Ninette de Valois'nın yaptığı “Keloğlan”dır. “Keloğlan” geleneksel Türk halk oyunları adımlarına dayanan dramatik bir baleydi.

De Valois, yerli dansları ve Türk bestecilerin müziğini kullanarak Türk koreograflarını teşvik etmek istemiştir. Özgün Türk balesinin doğuşu için klasik bale eğitimi almış bireylerin bu ülkenin milli danslarından ve folklorundan yararlanmaları gerekmektedir. Bazı Türk koreografların ülkenin dans biçimini klasik baleyle ilişkilendirdiğinde beklenen gelişme ortaya çıkacaktır. Batı klasik dans tarzı zaten sağlam bir şekilde yerleşmiş olsa da, genç koreograflar yeni bir Türk hareket biçimi aramaktaydılar. Türk Opera ve Balesi için hazırlanan özgün bale eserleri, klasik bale eğitimi sonrasında ülkenin milli danslarının ve folklorunun üslup ve ritimleriyle oluşturulan koreografik bir fantezi olmuştur.


Keywords:
Ballet, Choreography, Dance
Anahtar Kelimeler:
Bale, Koreografi, Dans

References


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Submitted at: 2022-01-21 23:24:11
Accepted at: 2021-04-29 23:39:38
To Journal: Mart 2022

Author Details:
Seda ,AYVAZOĞLU ORCID:0000-0002-6446-8521 İzmir Dokuz Eylül Üniversitesi Devlet Konservatuvarı Bale Anasanat Dalı

To Reference: AYVAZOĞLU, Seda (2022), The Establishment Of Turkish Ballet And First Original Works (1940-1970). International Journal of Humanities and Art Researches,Mart 2022, Issue:1, Volume:7, Pages:26-34

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